Live Resin Carts
What is Live Resin Sauce?
Live resin sauce is made from fresh frozen plant material that was not dried and cured, but rather frozen immediately after harvest. The starting plant material is a key indicator as to whether a sauce is considered live resin. Consumers who value sauce for its high terpene content will find the distinction between live resin and sauce made from cured flower particularly useful. If the extraction technician is able to retain the full spectrum of compounds available in the fresh frozen plant material at the time that it was processed, live resin sauce can be considered full spectrum, though the terms live resin and full spectrum are not synonymous.
What Do HTFSE and HCFSE Mean?
Full spectrum sauce from cured plant material falls into one of two categories; HTFSE (High Terpene Full Spectrum Extracts) and HCFSE (High Cannabinoid Full Spectrum Extracts). HTFSE is the liquid-like fraction that always contains more than 50% terpenes. The HCFSE fraction consists mainly of cannabinoid crystals surrounded by some terp sauce.
Dabs and Cannabis extracts
Dabs and Cannabis Extracts
Once upon a time, buying cannabis oils for dabbing came down to choosing from a small selection, but today’s display cases are often loaded with dabs of all varieties as shops cater to increasing demand. If you’re new to dabbing, your head is probably spinning with questions about extract types, costs, and so on. This guide will walk you through everything you need to know, and by the end of it, you should have a much better idea of what things to look out for when buying dabs. Keep in mind, this article focuses only on “dabbable” oils
Find Your Favorite Cannabis Concentrates
Glossary of Dabbing Terms
Having a grasp on some commonly used dabbing terms will go a long way as you deliberate over the glass dabbing case at your local dispensary or rec shop. This list of jargon may look long, but don’t worry – a lot of these are just different names for the same thing.
Budder – Refers to extracts that take on a creamy, butter-like consistency.
Butane Hash Oil (BHO) – The most commonly used extract for dabbing, BHO uses butane to strip essential compounds like THC, CBD, and terpenes from the cannabis plant, concentrating them in an oil of varying consistencies (see also: shatter, wax, budder, crumble, pull-and-snap).
Concentrate – Broadly refers to any cannabis product that concentrates cannabis compounds from raw plant material.
CO2 Oil – A type of cannabis oil that uses pressure and CO2 to extract essential compounds like THC, CBD, and terpenes from the plant. This oil tends to be soft or runny, and often takes on an amber hue.
Crumble – Refers to extracts that take on a soft, crumbly texture.
Dab(bing) – “Dabbing” refers to the method of flash vaporization in which oils are applied to a hot surface and inhaled (see also: dab rig, nail). “Dabs” can refer to any extract used for dabbing.
Dab Rig – Also called an oil rig, a dab rig refers to a water pipe with dabbing attachments (see also: nail).
Honeycomb – Refers to extracts that take on a soft, honeycomb-like texture.
Nail – A nail refers to the metal, glass, or ceramic spike attached to a water pipe. Dabs are applied to the nail once it’s been heated by a torch or electronically.
Oil – A broad term that refers to many different cannabis concentrates. It implies a runny, oil-like consistency, but cannabis oil has become a ubiquitous term that describes extracts of many forms and consistencies.
Pull-and-Snap – Refers to extracts that take on a taffy-like consistency that may “snap” when bent.
Purge – Refers to the process of removing solvents during extraction. (Note: high levels of residual solvents can be unsafe for consumption, so make sure the product you’re purchasing has been lab tested).
Rosin – A solvent-less extract that uses heat and pressure to concentrate essential cannabis compounds.
Shatter – Refers to extracts that take on a transparent glass-like consistency.
Solvent – A solvent refers to the chemical compounds (e.g. butane, alcohol, propane, etc.) that strip cannabinoids and terpenes from plants. Some concentrates (e.g. rosin, ice hash) can be produced through heat, pressure, and water — these are called “solventless” extracts.
Wax – Refers to extracts that take on a soft, waxy consistency.
Shatter – Forbidden Pie
What Are Cannabis Oil, Shatter, and Wax Extracts?
Shatter, wax, honeycomb, oil, crumble, sap, budder, pull-and-snap…these are some of the nicknames cannabis extracts have earned through their popularity, prevalence, and diversification. If you’ve heard any of those words before, they were likely used to describe BHO (butane hash oil), CO2 oil, or similar hydrocarbon extracts. This list of descriptive subcategories might lead you to believe that there are stark differences between each one, but the division between glass-like shatter and crumbly wax is more superficial than you’d expect.
For those of you who are new to the concentrates game, a cannabis extract is any oil that concentrates the plant’s chemical compounds like THC and CBD. This is achieved through a variety of extraction processes and solvents, the most common being butane. Advancements in extraction technology have enabled the use of other solvents like carbon dioxide and pure hydrocarbons in a process that utilizes pressure in a safe closed-loop system. The end product is a highly potent oil of varying consistencies most popularly used for vaporization and dabbing.
Terps Sauce Carts
Terp sauce, or more accurately and scientifically known as High Terpene Full Spectrum Extract (HTFSE), is a high potency cannabis extract that is extremely high in aromatic terpenes. This potent sauce may contain over 60% more of these tasty and smelly molecules than standard shatter or wax products.
HOW IS TERP SAUCE MADE?
Terp sauce is made using butane hash oil (BHO) extraction techniques. The process uses plant material in its fresh form, or that which was frozen quickly after harvest and is therefore still relatively fresh. Using fresh material like this has massive advantages, as the terpenes may begin to degrade quickly after harvest due to their volatile nature.
The BHO extraction method starts off with filling up an extraction tube with the plant material until the tube is air-free. A mesh screen or fine filter is then placed over one end of the tube. The tube is then held over a dish and butane is forced through it. The liquid that emerges on the other end and into the dish should have a gold quality to it.
Next up is the purging process, which is used to remove the valuable oils. Purging for terp sauce is done slightly differently and is often dubbed “diamond mining.” The gold liquid is placed within a cool and dark place for up to a couple of weeks.
During this resting phase, a separation occurs, with terpy diamonds rising to the top. The remaining liquid is then removed and purged separately using heat.
This liquid should be placed into a Pyrex dish and onto an electric heating pad with heat applied to it. If the liquid is still cloudy, then butane is still trapped within.
Diamond Sauce Carts
A term used in the cannabis industry to describe crystalline structures, primarily THCA, that are developed in sauce extracts or isolated on their own.
What are THCA Diamonds?
In a cannabis context, the term diamond has a few different meanings. It’s often used to describe pure tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) crystalline, also known as “THCA diamonds” or “THC diamonds,” as well as THCA crystalline that was developed in the presence of a terpene-rich solution.
More About Diamonds
In a jar of sauce, diamonds are the crystalline structures that develop at the bottom of the container. Concentrate enthusiasts will be familiar with sauce carts, or vape cartridges loaded with terpene-heavy sauce. These cannabis diamonds may also refer to the crystalline structures left over after terp sauce has been removed from the initial sauce mixture. These diamonds are usually coated in residual sauce. Diamonds can also refer to pure crystalline THCA that have been isolated from refined oil.
The central difference between these types of diamonds is the context in which they’re extracted and further processed. Whether presented as a saucy, high-terpene extract, or packaged as isolated THCA, diamonds are always crystalline structures of pure THCA. Remember, these diamonds may be inaccurately referred to as pure THC, but in reality, they come in the pure THCA form.
The size and shape of diamonds don’t necessarily reflect the quality of input materials. The size and shape is influenced by temperature, moisture, chemical impurities, and solvents used in the extraction process.
Diamonds range in size from very small to large chunks. THCA is a pseudopolymorph, meaning it can crystallize into multiple forms, but only when acted upon by variables such as temperature, moisture, and chemical impurities. Sterols, lipids, and even terpenes can impurify and alter the course of crystallization. Similar to the way chemical variables interfere with sugar crystallization to create molasses, terpenes and other intruding compounds disrupt THCA crystallization to varying degrees, which has an effect on the diamond’s structure. Unique terpene profiles, that are dependant on the cannabis variety that is being extracted, can alter the size and composition of the diamonds created in an unrefined cannabis extract. The final size and shape is also influenced by the interference of solvents that are used during the extraction process. However, different shapes and sizes don’t necessarily mean different levels of purity. A diamond’s physical attributes are more a record of its path to crystallization than an indicator of how pure the diamond is.